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Literatur NatGesIs

Greenspace, urbanity and health: relationships in England



Dokumenttyp

Zeitschriftenartikel



Autor/en

Mitchell, R., Popham, F.



Jahr

2007



Zeitschrift/Schriftenreihe

Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health



Heft

61



Seiten

681 - 683



Beschreibung

Objectives: To determine the association between the percentage
of greenspace in an area and the standardised rate of selfreported
??not good?? health, and to explore whether this
association holds for areas exhibiting different combinations of
urbanity and income deprivation.
Design and setting: Cross-sectional, ecological study in
England.
Participants: All residents of England as at the 2001 Census.
Main outcome measures: Age and sex standardised rate of
reporting ??not good?? health status.
Results: A higher proportion of greenspace in an area was
generally associated with better population health. However,
this association varied according to the combination of area
income deprivation and urbanity. There was no significant
association between greenspace and health in higher income
suburban and higher income rural areas. In suburban lower
income areas, a higher proportion of greenspace was
associated with worse health.
Conclusions: Although, in general, higher proportion of greenspace
in an area is associated with better health, the
association depends on the degree of urbanity and level of
income deprivation in an area. One interpretation of these
analyses is that quality as well as quantity of greenspace may
be significant in determining health benefits.




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