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Literatur NatGesIs

Associations between environmental value orientations and landscape preferences



Dokumenttyp

Zeitschriftenartikel



Autor/en

Kaltenborn, B.P., Bjerke, T.



Jahr

2002



Zeitschrift/Schriftenreihe

Landscape and Urban Planning



Heft

59



Seiten

1 - 11



Beschreibung

Why do group differences in landscape assessment exist? In the present paper, we explore the hypothesis that landscape
preferences are associated with people?s environmental value orientations, operationalised according to Thompson and Barton?s [J. Environ. Psychol. 14 (1994) 199] distinctions between anthropocentric, ecocentric, and apathetic orientations toward the
environment. Preferences for local landscapes and environmental value orientations were surveyed in a sample of the adult
population of Røros, southern Norway. The highest preference was expressed for wildland scenes containing water, followed by
cultural landscapes and traditional farm environments. Landscapes with elements of modern agricultural practises were the least
preferred category. Significant positive correlations were found between the ecocentric environmental value orientation and a
preference for wildlands with water, and for cultural landscapes. The anthropocentric value orientation correlated positively with
a preference for farm environments, while environmental apathy was negatively associated with a preference for wildlands and
cultural landscapes. The respondents agreed to ecocentric, but were neutral to anthropocentric statements. The findings indicate
that the majority of the people in the area should be responsive to ecocentric arguments when development and conservation
plans are presented.



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