Bundesamt für Naturschutz

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Literatur NatGesIs

Ecosystem approaches to human health



Dokumenttyp

Zeitschriftenartikel



Autor/en

Nielsen, N.O.



Jahr

2001



Zeitschrift/Schriftenreihe

Cad. Saúde Pública



Heft

17 Supplement



Seiten

69 - 75



Beschreibung

The promotion of human health must be embedded in the wider pursuit of ecosystem
health. Interventions will be impaired if ecosystem-linked determinants of health are not taken
into account. In the extreme case, if ecosystems lose their capacity for renewal, society will lose
life support services. Essential features of ecosystem health are the capacity to maintain integrity
and to achieve reasonable and sustainable human goals. An ecosystem approach to research and
management must be transdisciplinary and assure participation of stakeholders. These requisites
provide a means for science to better deal with the complexity of ecosystems, and for policy-makers
and managers to establish and achieve reasonable societal goals. The ecosystem approach
can determine links between human health and activities or events which disturb ecosystem
state and function. Examples are: landscape disturbance in agriculture, mining, forestry, urbanization,
and natural disasters. An understanding of these links can provide guidance for management
interventions and policy options that promote human health. An ecosystem approach
to management must be adaptive because of irreducible uncertainty in ecosystem function.



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